Wednesday, December 1, 2010

Battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga and the Organizations Engaged - full review

The Battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga and the Organizations Engaged. By Henry V. Boynton. Edited by Tim Smith. Illustrated, photographs, maps, index, 152 pp., 2010, The University of Tennessee Press,, 800-621-2736, $34.95, cloth.

Henry V. Boynton should be much more well known than he is. It is due to his efforts that the battlefields of Chickamauga and Chattanooga were preserved by the federal government, the first battlefields to be preserved by the federal government. This lead to the creation of other battlefield parks in the 1890s and has continued to the present day. When the battlefields were preserved one of the first tasks was to create troop movement maps with accompanying text, which then became the basis for the iron interpretive markers on the battlefields.
In his role as the first park historian Boynton wrote quite a bit on Chickamauga and Chattanooga. He wrote an extensive tour of the battlefields with a history of the preservation efforts. He also wrote a book covering the formation of the park for the grand dedication in 1895. These books can still be found in libraries and appear for sale online quite regularly. Boynton also wrote three small books that are much less readily available in libraries or for sale. Timothy B. Smith has collected these three short volumes into one book. He also provides an introduction that places Boynton and these three volumes in their proper historical context. The three volumes are presented as originally published, Smith confined his notes about the books to the introduction.

Two of the books focus on the order of battle. Boynton provides an order of battle showing regimental commanders and then gives a couple paragraphs of text explaining what the division did in the battle. There is a volume for Chickamauga and another for Chattanooga. These give a good overview of the battle. They were also intended to be used with an atlas that was created at the same time. Those maps are not included in this modern book but the University of Tennessee Press has put the maps online at
In the third volume in the book Boynton made clear that he considered the entire campaign from August til the end of November as the campaign for Chattanooga. Chickamauga was the first battle fought for control of Chattanooga and the final battle at Missionary Ridge was only to confirm. The other interesting thing about this volume is that Boynton commissioned a topographic model to supplement the text and was intended for professional military study. Three models were built but none apparently had survived.

This is a very useful addition to the study of these battles. These rare volumes can now be owned by anyone. Then being able to pair the text with the maps, available online, makes it an even more worthwhile book.

If you wish to learn more about Boynton’s role in the formation of Chickamauga check out A Chickamauga Memorial: The Establishment of America’s First Civil War National Military Park by Timothy B. Smith

Monday, November 29, 2010

Chickamauga Campaign - full review

The Chickamauga Campaign. Edited by Steven E. Woodworth. Maps, bibliography, index, 199 pp., 2010, Southern Illinois University Press,, $24.95, cloth.

Western theater battles often lack the coverage that Eastern theater battles do. This discrepancy will never be erased but lately there has been a surge of Western Theater material. Partially trying to fill this void is the Civil War Campaigns in Heartland series from Southern Illinois University Press. The second volume, covering the Chickamauga campaign, follows on the heels of the wonderful Shiloh volume published last year.

Editor Steven E. Woodworth has assembled eight essays that explore some aspects of the campaign and provoke some critical thinking. The collection of essays focuses more on the Confederate side than the Union side. There are essays on D. H. Hill, Alexander Stewart, James Longstreet, Patrick Cleburne’s night assault, James Negley’s actions on Horseshoe Ridge, the performances of Thomas Crittenden and Alexander McCook, the near battle of McLemore’s Cove and Henry Van Ness Boynton’s shaping of Chickamauga as a national park. Although the collection focuses more on the Confederates it is not a distracting decision especially since the essay on Crittenden and McCook is nearly three times the length of the other essays, so the page count is probably pretty closely divided.

All the essays were good, there did not seem to be a weak one in the collection. There was one conclusion that stuck out as odd and it appeared in two essays. In the DH Hill and Cleburne assault essays the authors were not critical of Bragg restructuring his command in the middle of the battle. Alexander Mendoza said that it was “correct procedure, given Longstreet’s rank and prestige” and John R. Lundberg said “in view of the circumstances, it seems that Bragg made the best possible decision.” Interestingly William G. Robertson’s essay on Longstreet did not comment on if Bragg was right or wrong to restructure his command in the middle of the battle. Since the restructuring had an influence on how the second day of battle was fought it definitely is a topic for discussion and given how much confusion it created it seems odd that no one was critical of the decision.

The two essays on Longstreet and Crittenden and McCook challenge our interpretations of their performances in the battle and campaign. Crittenden comes off better than the historiography has and Longstreet’s reputation suffers a little here.

There are four maps at the front of the book. Although it is nice to have maps these are not the best maps as all troop locations are shown as a horizontal box. On a theater map this is fine but on a battlefield map this makes it appear as if all troops were facing north or south. Some maps from contributor David Powell’s recent “Maps of Chickamauga” would have been better.

The problems with the maps though are easily overlooked though because of what a wonderful collection of essays this is. With two volumes in the Campaigns in Heartland series completed this series is now established as one to pay attention to for all future installments.

Contributors were John R. Lundberg, Alexander Mendoza, David Powell, Ethan S. Rafuse, William G. Robertson, Timothy B. Smith, Lee White, and Steven E. Woodworth.

Review by Nicholas Kurtz

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Adams Brigade - full review

Louisianians in the Western Confederacy: The Adams-Gibson Brigade in the Civil War. By Stuart Salling. Photographs, maps, bibliography, index, 260 pp., 2010, McFarland,, 800-253-2187, $39.95, paper.

Stuart Salling’s book on the Adams-Gibson Brigade of Louisianians follows the brigade as it fought in the Army of Tennessee, participating in all the battles of that army until after Nashville when it was transferred to Mobile Bay rather than being sent to North Carolina. The brigade also served as part of Joe Johnston’s army in Mississippi during the summer of 1863.

The brigade went through many reorganizations but its main elements were banded together in August 1862. The ravages of war reduced the Louisiana regiments to the point that they had to be consolidated together, and sometimes they were able to gain enough recruits to regain their individual status again. Salling does a good job of explaining the plentiful confusing command and structure changes with the regiments of the brigade.

Salling also does a good job of explaining the political infighting between Bragg and his generals. Brigade commander Daniel Adams was a Bragg supporter, in fact he received this brigade to prevent Randall Gibson, a Bragg opponent, from commanding a brigade. Adams and Gibson though appear to have gotten along quite nicely. After Bragg resigned following the battle of Missionary Ridge Adams was one of the many officers who recommended Gibson for a promotion to brigadier general, which he got. Gibson commanded the brigade in all its future actions

One of the strengths of the book is the many photos with detailed captions that supplement the main text. For example in a chapter on battle there will also appear a few photos of men who were killed or wounded or distinguished themselves in some other way during the battle. Especially in the case of casualties these men are not always listed in the main text so the photo captions help to supplement the text in a meaningful way.

The maps are another strength of the book. Usually the first map in a battle chapter will show the entire battlefield and subsequent maps will focus on the area where the Adams-Gibson Brigade fought, with many of these showing the alignment of the regiments within the brigade.

There are a few minor errors in the book. In the battle of Missionary Ridge chapter the 15th Indiana is credited with the capture of the 13th Louisiana’s flag. At the bottom of the page the flag is shown but the caption credits the 15th Illinois with the capture. The main text is right, the capture was made by the 15th Indiana. In the section on the July 22nd battle for Atlanta there is a minor editing error, “Baker and Stovall were deployed in the first line with Gibson and Baker in the second, Gibson behind Stovall and Jones behind Baker.” Clearly it was Gibson and Jones in the second line.

In the description of the fighting around Spanish Fort near Mobile the author says Gibson asked for “Negro troops” and was given them. This is a bit troubling as the author does not make clear if they were soldiers or laborers, the text does make it seem like they were soldiers. I am not well versed on the battles for Mobile Bay but I think if there was a large number of Negro soldiers in the Confederate army there it would be a major story in itself.

This is a worthy addition to any Civil War library, especially for someone who follows the war in the West. This book does a good job of providing enough details about individual soldiers without going overboard like some regimental histories do but at the same time it does a good job focusing on the larger picture of the war.

Review by Nicholas Kurtz

Monday, November 22, 2010

Catching Up

I'm back now. It took me awhile to figure out what happened with my blogger account. All I could do was sign into comment moderation, not actually moderate comments, just see what was being left. There was no method to leave a note here that I would return, that blogger was preventing me from getting full access. Plus I was pretty busy with other things so it was easy to ignore the errors I received from blogger. But whatever was wrong is fixed now and I can return to blogging 2-3 times a week.

Since we last connected my eldest son has become a Tiger Cub scout and I have joined him as one of the assistant den leaders. I was part of scouts way back when and am glad that my son is in and, more importantly, is enjoying it. I look forward to summer camping trips and teaching a dozen boys life lessons through scouting.

We're also looking for a new house, something with a fourth bedroom as we are seriously contemplating having a third child. But first our house has to sell, so if you're looking for a three bedroom, three bath house in Littleton Colorado let me know.

I also completed and sent to the publisher a manuscript I'm proud of that has the possibility of being part of a larger series. Wish I could share more details on the project but one of my writer/historian friends has passed onto me a reluctance to share information broadly until things are much more concrete. So going forward with the belief that there will be a series here I have started researching the book that would follow. I once again feel optimistic about a book project after my previous foray was quashed by a short sighted man. Its good to have that optimism back and hopefully its not misplaced.

The flow of review books from Civil War News has trickled down, guess there is not as much Western Theater stuff coming out as there was earlier in the year. So during the past month I've picked up Bernard Cornwell's Sharpe series which follows Richard Sharpe's career in the British army during the Napoleonic years. Its very enjoyable but I'm not going to become a Napoleonic wars buff.

There were so few Western Theater books that the other day the book review editor at Civil War News sent me an Eastern Theater regimental history. I'm actually struggling with writing that review right now. There are a few things about the book that bother me, and not in a West vs East sense, but in a why is this regiment important sense. Plus there was not a single map at all. But it was a good book, very detailed and ultimately I did enjoy it.

But internally I am grappling with a philosophical question of the point to regimental histories. Should it be that going forward they should only exist for regiments that did something extraordinary or whose service was unique? Or that fill a gap in the historiography? For example the new book on the Louisiana Brigade in the Army of Tennessee fills a gap in that there is not many other Western Theater brigade histories published. Their service was not super unique, obviously every unit was unique aspects to their service but this brigade did not see service too different than other units. By the way its a tremendous book that I have reviewed in brief previously and my full review (that is similar to the review that appeared in Civil War News) will appear on here this week.

I also reviewed a book on the 1st Nebraska, a soldier's diary to be specific. Their service was unique in that they served in Arkansas-Missouri but not with the army that fought at Pea Ridge. They didn't achieve much, very limited combat, as I remember the soldier first fired his musket nearly 2 years into his service. He then was transferred to St Louis as a provost guard and remarked on the ship building being done. A fascinating book that looked at an aspect of the war usually forgotten, both the guard duty aspect and the small expeditions he was part of in Arkansas and Missouri.

The book I got the other day is for the 4th Michigan, a regiment that seemed to miss the bulk of the combat nearly every time. They were either left behind as a guard or served on a part of the battlefield that saw little action. They got into serious combat four times, and lost three colonels in those fights, which is remarkable. It is a good book, and the only drawback is the lack of maps. I will rate it favorably although I will make it clear that the lack of maps hurts, especially when locations are described with much detail. But I can't see the road on the map then enough a tremendous amount of detail does little to show me where they were. I need a map. Anyway despite my favorable feelings for the book I'm struck that by and large the regiment did not do something too unique or special. They suffered at Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill, Gettysburg and the Wilderness. At other battles they saw limited action, suffering casualties one would equate with a skirmish even if it was a large battle. But at other times they were left well to the rear. At both Bull Runs they were left behind as a guard. At Antietam they stayed on the wrong side of the river. At Chancellorsville they were the far Union left. None of these were their fault but they certainly did not see as many fights as other regiments. So is the goal of regimental histories to eventually fill in all the gaps so that every unit in every major army has a regimental history? And in this endeavour the Eastern Theater is well ahead and widens its gap every year.

The symposium went very well once again. My involvement was very small after helping get the panel selected. I thought everyone did a great job getting it done. We've already got our panel for next year and I'll make a formal announcement about that soon as well, would do it right now but it should have its own posting and not be reduced to the end of this post.

Saturday, November 13, 2010


I've been having some problems accessing my blogger account, grief about passwords and settings. But apparently things are now cleared up and I can resume a regular blogging schedule in the near future.

Friday, August 27, 2010

11th Illinois Cavalry

11th Illinois Cavalry[1]

Fred Graham (C)[2], Thomas J Lucas (C)[3], First Lieutenant Richard Burns (F)[4], Alexander James Sparks (F)[5], James Walker (F)[6] and Harvey Phelps (M)[7].

Ashel Bumas (E)[8]

[2] Killed at Shiloh, Apr 6, 1862
[3] Killed at Shiloh, Apr 6, 1862
[4] Killed in battle of Shiloh, Apr 1862
[5] Killed at Shiloh, Apr 6, 1862
[6] Died May 15, 1862; wounds
[7] Killed at Shiloh, Apr 19, 1862
[8] Disch, Apr 11, 1862; disabil

Thursday, August 26, 2010

2nd Illinois Cavalry

2nd Illinois Cavalry, Company A & B[1]



[1] The reports list no casualties for these companies. There were a lot of men who were discharged in the months after Shiloh but it appears none had been wounded at the battle.

Symposium only six weeks away

It seems like the Rocky Mountain Civil War symposium has snuck up on me this year. That's mostly because I'm not as involved this year as in previous years, especially last year. I knew my involvement would have to be severely curtailed with a baby at home. Some days it seems that getting anything accomplished at home is a big accomplishment, then other days multi tasking with a baby is a breeze. So I'm glad I don't have any symposium worries to also attend to. I'm sure next year I'll take on a few more tasks for the symposium but it might be awhile til I'm back to my normal workload.

In any case this is going to be a wonderful event that I'm glad to be attending. Although I work at every event (some more than others) I go to hear the speakers. Each year has had quite a good group, and this year is no exception. This year the theme is the making of Ulysses S. Grant as a commander.

There need to be a few battle themed presentations to show the growth of Grant and some of the obstacles he faced. The two battles picked were Shiloh and Vicksburg. Shiloh because it is really Grant's first major battle. Not disrespecting Fort Donelson but Shiloh is a much bigger battle. Vicksburg shows Grant overcoming many obstacles and growing as a leader to achieve one of the more important victories of the war. In my mind the top Shiloh authors are James Lee McDonough, Tim Smith, Larry Daniel and Wiley Sword. There are others of course but if we're looking to secure a major Shiloh historian these are the four I think of first. McDonough and Smith have spoken at previous symposiums and Sword will join them this year. Shiloh is my main interest so having had the opportunity to hear from three of the top Shiloh historians over the past few years is a real treat and hopefully we'll be able to get Daniels out in the future.

A large number of prominent historians have explored Vicksburg, especially recently it seems like Vicksburg is getting its due more and more. I'm excited that John Marszalek will cover this campaign for the symposium. I know Marszalek from his Sherman work but he is also now the Executive Director and Managing Editor of the Ulysses S. Grant Association, taking the reins after the departure of John Y. Simon. I'm sure his intimate access to Grant's papers will allow him to bring a unique perspective on Grant's handling of the campaign. Also Grant's papers have now been put online which is a fabulous researching tool.

Then its important to discuss Grant's work as general-in-chief. The two battle presentations have shown his growth as a commander so its only logical to have a presentation that covers the final year of the war when Grant had an impact on the entire war effort. Gordon C. Rhea seems like a great fit for this as his books covering the the 1864 Virginia Overland campaign are an incredible series, and Grant's impact is covered in each one. I'm not sure who better could fill this role.

At each symposium we have a presentation that doesn't follow the normal pace of battles. At the first event covering the Western Theater through Stones River it was a biography of Alexander Stewart, done by Sam Davis Elliott. Last year the theme was Lee's two Northern invasions and the extra presentation covered the differing methods of preservation utilized at Antietam and Gettysburg, by Tim Smith. This year the extra talk will be about the relationship between Grant and Rawlins by Peter Cozzens, another top notch Western theater historian.

Finally there needs to be an overview of Grant. There are a ton of biographers to pick from but my personal favorite is Brooks Simpson. One of my favorite books is his "Let Us Have Peace" which covers Grant's understanding of the politics of war. It changed my view of Grant as a commander and put me well onto the path that Grant's genius had more to do with winning the war than it being simply a matter of numbers. The first stories many of us read make it out that the Confederacy generally had better generals but that they lost due to the quantity of men the North could muster into service. Now I know that the Union was equal in quality as well, just suffered early in the war when its lesser talented generals faced the best the Confederacy had to offer (think Lee versus Pope at Second Manassas or Jackson in the Valley).

So the final panel consists of Brooks Simpson, Peter Cozzens, Wiley Sword, John Marszalek, and Gordon Rhea. Any one of them individually would be enough to entice me to attend the symposium, but having them all at one event makes this year a must see event (though to be fair there has not been one presentation previously that I did not want to see).

The day will end with a panel discussion and time for books to be signed. As always there will be a book room with a ton of good books and deals. I'll have a blog post showing all of the great books in a week or so. I saw the list the other day and was impressed with the variety of books. There is only one so far I want to get but that's because I already own every other book that will be there.

Tickets will be $50 again, which also includes a continental breakfast and lunch. Click here to order your tickets today. Tickets are selling at double the pace of last year. We're in a pretty big auditorium so I don't anticipate it being a sold out event but you should order your tickets today so that you do not run that risk.

If you have any questions please contact us at RockyMtnCWRT at aol dot com.

Wednesday, August 25, 2010

4th Illinois Cavalry

4th Illinois Cavalry[1]

Corporal Charles B Danforth (K)[2].



[1] Company B also known as Carmichael's Cavalry Company. Company C also known as Dollin's Cavalry Company. In April 1862, 7 men of this regiment died and another 35 were discharged due to disability. None of these men is listed as having been wounded so it is impossible to state which men were discharged for wounds received at Shiloh, if any.
[2] Died at Mound City, Apr 12, 1862; wounds

Tuesday, August 24, 2010

Stewart's Independent Illinois Cavalry Battalion

Stewart's Independent Illinois Cavalry Battalion [1]

James N. Weer (C)[2]

Augustus W. Stewart (C)[3], Robert G. Wier (C)[4],


[1] Stewart's Independent Cavalry Battalion later became companies A-F of the 15th Illinois Cavalry Regiment. Those six companies had all started out as independent cavalry companies and at the time of Shiloh they were still referred to by their independent designation. The companies which later became Stewart's Battalion were Stewart's, Carmichael's, Dollin's, O'Harnett's and Gilbert's. This info taken from the 15th Illinois Cavalry's roster and company letters are in reference to that organization.
[2] Died at Paducah, Ky., Apr 26, 1862
[3] Discharged, Apr 17, 1862; wounds
[4] Disch. Apr 17, 1862; wounds

Monday, August 23, 2010

2nd Indiana Cavalry

2nd Indiana Cavalry[1]


Brusker (L) and Corporal Miller (H).

one private, name unknown, from company K

[1] Reports of Officers in Relation to a Recent Battle at Pittsburg Landing. Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint, 1977. Originally published as U.S. 37th Congress, 2nd session, 1861-1862. Senate. Executive Documents Printed by Order of the Senate of the United States for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress, 1861-62. 6 vols. Washington D.C., 1861. p 195. This regiment was not engaged at Shiloh except for men detailed as orderlies in the Army of the Ohio.

Friday, August 20, 2010

18th Wisconsin Infantry

18th Wisconsin Infantry[1]

Killed or Died of Wounds:[2]
Colonel James S. Alban, Major Josiah W. Crane, Marshall Caffeen (A), Corporal Marcenus Gurnee (A), Thomas Leeman (A), Cephus A. Whitmore (A), Hiram E. Bailey (B), William Spencer (B), Samuel Fish (C), William Kettle (C), Norris W. Saxton (C), Samuel Sager (C), George Hicks (D), Milton M. Stewart (D), Reuben Edminster (E), George W. Evans (E), Corporal John E. Field (E), Isaac Levisee (E), Clifton G. Merrill (E), Otis A Cotton (F), Ambrose Felton (F)[3], Henry I. Jenkins (F), Robert McWilliams (F), Hartley Onderdonk (F), Captain John H. Compton (G), A. M. Coon (G), Edward B. Ballou (H), Joseph H. Garlap (H), Eugene Gay (H), Solomon Mansfield (H), Clark P. Walker (H), Morris C. Cook (I), Sergeant Rensler Cronk (I), Alfred Q. Edson (I), George W. Hillman (I), Corporal Thomas Laskey (I), John Louth (I), Benjamin W. Shaver (I), John Topp (I) and Jefferson Kingsley (I)[4].

Lieutenant Colonel Beal, Acting Adjutant Edward Coleman, D. C. Bailey (A), Richard H. Heart (A), Leander Depuy (A), Ludwig Hulzer (A), J. Kocher (A), Alf. Losey (A), O.R. Norris (A), Lieutenant Thomas J. Potter (A), G. W. Sparks (A), Corporal C. C. Whitney (A), E. Combs (B), F.M. Bailey (B), Philip Singer (C)[6], H. Clary (C)[7], W.W. Dikeman (C), John Kickpatrick (C), Hiram Moody (C)[8], Pattrick Moody (C)[9], Laughlin Quinn (C)[10], Benjamin F. Rants (C), J.J. Swain (C), Augustus Singer (C)[11], Henry Beach (D), Ephraim Croker (D), Andrew Elickson (D)[12], John Gary (D), Ezra Hankabout (D), John D. Jewell (D), Charles Molla (D), C. N. Sprout (D), Thomas Stevenson (D)[13], Corporal John Williams (D)[14], Hugh C. Wilson (D), Captain William Bremmer (E), Corporal Orrin Clough (E), John Harris (E), S.R. Hayner (E), Ed. L. Kent (E), John Kinney (E), George S. Martin Jr. (E), William H. Sherwin (E), Albert Taylor (E), Lieutenant George Walbridge (E), Walter Whittiker (E), George Durr (F), Ambrose Felton (F), George Gould (F), Homer K. Nichols (F)[15], Eli R. Northam (F), James W. Samphier (F), James M. Stanton (F)[16], Napoleon Whitman (F), D.M. Wilson (F), Joseph Bullock (G), John S. Eaton (G), Edward Durkee (G), A.G. Loomis (G), Stephen H. Snyder (G)[17], Sameul Bixby (H), John Cary (H)[18], E.T. Chamberlain (H), B.W. Coates (H), F. Decell (H), Abram Devore (H), Gideon F. Devore (H), A.F. Dowd (H), Sergeant Albert Gates (H), John C. Horton (H), Zadock K. Mallory (H), Edwin Potts (H), Lieutenant S.D. Woodworth (H)[19], Sergeant Samuel C. Alban (I), S. Bennett (I), Ferdinand Benta (I), Peter Calahan (I), Adrastus Cook (I), Cornelius Devere (I), George Dexter (I), Frederick Everson (I), William H. Ferguson (I), Oliver Gunderson (I), E.M. Haight (I), John N. James (I), S. Langdon (I), James Leitch (I), Duncan McCloud (I), W. Miller (I), S.W.M. Smith (I), Albert Turck (I), Ferdinando Councilman (K), William P. Green (K) and William Lowe (K).

James B Abbs (A), Sergeant James Alexander (A), Elisha Alexander (A), Henry Hale Coffeen (A), John Farrall (A), Perry A Hart (A), Joseph Holletz (A), Bryan Kelley (A), Theron Mack (A), Captain James P Millard (A), Charles F Scott (A), John H Shoemaker (A), Benjamin Smith (A), Adam Utting (A), Eli Wiggins (A), Herbert D Whitney (A), Mahlon I Bussy (B), Charles H Cottle (B), Michael HB Cunningham (B), John Davis (B), Sergeant Samuel S Frowe (B), Albert M Green (B), Hiram Hitchcock (B), First Lieutenant Thomas A Jackson (B), Andrew J Lucia (B), Redmond McGuire (B), Joseph L Show (B), Wilbur F Wilder (B), Hiram W Wright (B), Levi Allen (C)[21], Jospeh H Brightman (C)[22], Peter S Campbell (C), William Cleary (C), John S Dickson (C)[23], Sergeant Thomas Fretwell (C), Joseph E Gander (C), John S Gray (C), Gould Hickok (C)[24], John James (C), Captain Newton M Layne (C), William Loucks (C), James McClelland (C), Corporal Samuel McMichael (C), James B Merrill (C), John C Metcalf (C), Nelson Mills (C), Jasper N Powell (C), Laughlin Quinn (C)[25], John J Ross (C), George W Taylor (C), Orrin Tooker (C), Byron Carey (D), Sergeant Charles Clouse (D), Alexander Currier (D), Andrew Elickson (D)[26], First Sergeant Leroy H Farr (D), Captain George A Fisk (D), Select Freeman (D), Ziba Hoard (D), Joseph G Hunter (D), Anthony Lamb (D), James Osborn Sr. (D), James Osborn Jr. (D), William Robinson (D), Amisa Smith (D), Thomas Stevenson (D)[27], Sergeant Eri P Sweet (D), Stephen Tritten (D), Gilbert Tuttle (D), Corporal John Williams (D)[28], First Lieutenant Dewitt C Wilson (D), Thomas G Bacon (E), Joel S Beadle (E), John Berry (E), William G Blair (E), Sherwood W Butterfield (E), William W Campbell (E), Alfred Doolittle (E), George Drake (E), Samuel Drake (E), August Feist (E), Edward Hugo (E), Phillip Marx (E), Aaron L Rand (E), Truman Rice (E), Robert Richards (E), Adam J Spawn (E), Charles H Tucker (E), William Ward (E), Andrew J Welton (E), Aurora Dill (F), Ambrose Felton (F)[29], Gilbert Fish (F), Joseph S Frank (F), Adoniram J Frost (F), Mathias Hadt (F), Stephen Hartwell (F), Frederick Hartung (F), First Sergeant John N Hoaglin (F), John P Honeker (F), Ezra Hull (F), Levi Minckler (F), Homer K. Nichols (F)[30], Nathaniel A Osgood (F), John Pearson (F), Corydon F Rexford (F), Lewis Shiney (F), John Stever (F), Marshal H Tenney (F), Henry Todd (F), Richard Trexell (F), James Wolcott (F), Mitchell Arquett (G), Da Barker Jr. (G), Fayette Burgett (G), John Delaney (G), Joseph Gill (G), Corporal William Granger (G), Orville A Hall (G), Robert M Hill (G), Corporal Henry W Jackson (G), Anthony Jentesse (G), Maxime LeBreche (G), Edwin H McDougall (G), Dennis Murphy (G), Augustus Otto (G), John J Quick (G), Ole Thomason (G), Stephen H. Snyder (G)[31], Peter T Whitman (G), Dudley Wilcox (G), Henry H Bass (H), James Berry (H), Joseph C Blakeslee (H), John Cary (H)[32], Willett S Cottrill (H), John Devore (H), Stephen Field (H), Enoch Foster (H), Orlando J Halstin (H), Hugh Hannah (H), Jackson Henshaw (H), Daniel Leitch (H), Collin Leitch (H), Edward J Osborne (H), William Reed (H), Captain David H Saxton (H), Charles Sexton (H), Alvin M Smith (H), Charles Spencer (H), Charles Weller (H), Darwin B White (H), James A Winans (H), Lieutenant S.D. Woodworth (H)[33], Joseph M Brown (I), Allen Church (I), John Cook (I), Samuel Dale (I), First Lieutenant Ira H Ford (I), Jefferson Kingsley (I)[34], Peter Mead (I), Daniel E Newton (I), Ole Severson (I), Second Lieutenant Ogden A Southmayd (I), Evan H Williams (I), Jeremiah Baldock (K), Robert H Bold (K), Nathan Brazier (K), Hamilton Cummings (K), John Fallon (K), James Flynn (K), Jared SW Pardee (K), Corporal Willis T Sage (K), John QA Soper (K) and First Sergeant John Stumpf (K).

[1] This individual casualty report is derived from the Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, Wisconsin Monument Commission Report and the 1865 Adjutant General’s Report. The pertinent pages of each are; Roster (Vol 2) pp. 83-101, Adjutant Report pp. 299-303 and Commission Report pp. 68-72. Additional notes from Nanzig, Thomas P, ed. The Badax Tigers: From Shiloh to the Surrender with the 18th Wisconsin Volunteers. (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002) pp 42-3.
[2] Killed and died of wounds list taken from commission report and checked against the roster and adjutant’s report.
[3] Roster says prisoner and died in Macon, GA.
[4] Roster says missing
[5] Wounded list taken from roster and commission report. No mention of wounded made in adjutant’s report.
[6] Only listed in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[7] Not listed in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[8] Not listed in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[9] Not listed in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[10] Roster says prisoner. Nanzig, The Badax Tigers says wounded.
[11] Not listed in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[12] Also prisoner
[13] Roster says prisoner
[14] Also prisoner
[15] Also prisoner
[16] Roster says died of wounds.
[17] Roster says prisoner
[18] Roster says prisoner
[19] Roster says prisoner
[20] Prisoner list taken from roster. No mention of prisoners made in adjutant’s report or in commission report.
[21] Not listed in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[22] Listed as a corporal in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[23] Listed as a sergeant in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[24] Listed as a corporal in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[25] Roster says wounded. Not listed in Nanzig, The Badax Tigers.
[26] Also wounded
[27] Roster says wounded
[28] Also wounded
[29] Roster says wounded and died in Macon, GA.
[30] Also wounded
[31] Roster says wounded
[32] Roster says wounded
[33] Roster says wounded
[34] Roster says missing

Wednesday, August 18, 2010

16th Wisconsin Infantry

16th Wisconsin Infantry[1]

Killed or Died of Wounds:[2]
George M. Camp (A), John Crank (A)[3], Joshua Eldridge (A), Cyrus B Howe (A), John Lerch (A), Corporal James W Marshall (A)[4], James Patterson (A), Captain Edward Saxe (A), First Lieutenant Cooley Smith (A), William P Walbridge (A), Sergeant John H. Williams (A), Charles Dart (B)[5], Ever S Evenson (B), Corporal Timothy H. Morris (B), Henry Powers (B), Joseph C Quiner (B)[6], August W Filke (C)[7], Henry Holton (C), Malcolm McMillan (C), Garret O Post (C), Sergeant James P. Wilson (C), Milo Farrington (D), Harrison Fuller (D), Alfonso Harrington (D), Captain Oliver D Pease (D), Corporal William M. Taylor (D), August Wollem (D), Corporal Augustus Caldwell (E), Sergeant Joseph L. Holcomb (E)[8], Michael Kennedy (E)[9], Lewis E Knight (E)[10], Philo Perry (E)[11], Erwin Rider (E)[12], Samuel Smith (E), Henry L Thomas (E)[13], Sergeant Almon Webster (E), Color Sergeant John P. Willis (E)[14], Jonathan Bennett (F), Harrison E Carey (F), Hiram Huggins (F), Samuel Long (F), John McNown (F), Anthony Morse (F), Franklin Prevey (F), Lyman Stilson (F), William Archer (G), Corporal Noah Barnum (G), Lewis R Belknapp (G), Oliver H Browning (G), Charles H Francisco (G)[15], John L Henegan (G), Charles Mauck (G), Corporal James V. Walker (G), Sergeant Henry Babcock (H), John Blair (H), George H Haskins (H), Orville Herrick (H), Charles Hodge (H), Richard Leigh (H), George Lincoln (H), Corporal George J Rashaw (H), Livius Raymond (H), George Skeels (H), Sergeant Asa D Thompson (H), William Austin (I), George Bucchill (I), Alonzo Clifford (I), Harrison C Howard (I), Corporal John C Long (I), John Solomon (I), Corporal William V Turck (I), First Lieutenant Charles H Vail (I), Morgan F Wooding (I), William A Clark (K), Corporal Ephraim Cooper (K), John Hennesey (K), Corporal Samuel Gunther (K), Thomas Manning (K), John Murphy (K), Stoel A Tousley (K), William H Tousley (K) and Corporal Orlando J Valentine (K).

Colonel Benjamin Allen, Lieutenant Colonel Cassius Fairchild, Reuben Billings (A), Peter Bird (A), James O Champlin (A), George Cronk (A)[17], Luman Hall (A), Bodine Hawley (A)[18], James H Kellogg (A), John Michaels (A), Peter Nelson (A), John A Smith (A), Thomas T Warren (A), Newton Whitman (A), Joab Brobst (B), Horace Chapin (B), Peter W Cross (B), Ezra M Ellis (B), Hiram F Hanes (B), Corporal Albert A Hoskin (B), Jacob Jargenson (B), Henry Nancarson (B), First Sergeant Eber G Wheeler (B), Henry CM Gould (C), Frederick Grobman (C), Joseph W Hampton (C), Second Lieutenant Paschal M Hovey (C), William J Kruschke (C), Max Mertz (C), Captain Horace D Patch (C), Corporal Frederick Rex (C), William H Stevens (C), Corporal Henry A Turner (C), John S Bean (D), Alvin W Cook (D), Dennis Delanty (D), Joseph Edwards (D), Josiah W Fields (D), Herman Gerecke (D), William Hamilton (D), James M Lyons (D), Newton R Towsley (D), Oscar R Bronson (E), Jesse Crouch (E), Hosea Hugoboom (E), Henry Lininger (E), James McPheeters (E), Daniel O Miltimore (E), Aaron Newcomb (E), Corporal Robert D Sparks (E), Perry R Stivers (E), Franklin Stowell (E), William O Bassett (F), Corporal Stephen Bailey (F), George Birdsill (F), Ebenezer Bowker (F), Francis E Brink (F), Lorenzo Claflin (F), Sergeant Erastus A Devan (F), John Duckworth (F), Archibald McCall (F), John McIntire (F), Corporal Joseph McMurtry (F), Samuel Monroe (F), Charles Moore (F), Ole Nielson (F), Sergeant Edwin W Persons (F), Samuel C Plummer (F), Corporal George Speed (F), Julius Thatcher (F), Captain Harrison V Train (F), Edward Trumble (F), Corporal William HH Beebe (G), Sergeant Andrew Chambers (G), Sanders Cochrane (G), Sergeant James Crawford (G), John D Francisco (G), Peter L Francisco (G), Sergeant John M Jones (G), Corporal Jackson P Long (G), Ashabel Loomis (G), David B McCourtie (G), Thomas McGillin (G), First Sergeant Michael E O’Connell (G), George O’Dell (G), John T Pearsons (G), George W Ritter (G), Corporal James Smith (G), William Smith (G), John Tomlinson (G), John B VanVleck (G), Captain John R Wheeler (G), Hiram Bell (H), Levi S Bennett (H), Charles Bump (H), David Collier (H), Sergeant David W Dalrymple (H), Charles Doolittle (H), John W Haskins (H), John Lamb (H), William H Rice (H), Leander Roberts (H), Robert W Sanders (H), William Suring (H), Corporal Hezekiah White (H), Frank E Wicks (H), Edgar Wood (H), Frederick A Cherry (I), Philip H Dunphy (I), Jacob Fawsett (I), Charles S French (I), Henry C Hall (I), Michael Hassley (I), Frederick S Haughawout (I), August Link (I), George Long (I), George W Pease (I), Thomas Pendergrass (I), Lemuel Phelps (I), Second Lieutenant David G Purman (I), Morgan J Smith (I), Sergeant William HH Townsend (I), Edward D Bradford (K), John Clark (K), Anthony Collins (K), First Sergeant John L Derickson (K), Robert H Ingersoll (K), Gregory Janish (K), Elijah D King (K)[19], Lars Nelson (K), Edward M O’Neil (K)[20], James Reeves (K), Selby Trumbell (K)[21], Second Lieutenant David F Vail (K), Benjamin F Walker (K), Corporal Thomas Wildman (K) and Captain George C. Williams (K)[22] and Corporal Geo. W. Hedding (K)[23], Wm. Cooper (K)[24], Cornelius Murphy (K)[25],

George Cronk (A)[27], Bodine Hawley (A)[28], Aaron D Hollenbeck (A), Aaron Hollenbeck (B), Max Mertz (C), Jonathan Ellsworth (F), Freeman Pearsoll (F) and Benjamin L Dean (H)[29].

Missing in Action:[30]
Joseph Dexter (B), Jesse Hills (B), Lewis Fleischbin (D), Chester W Haskins (D), Lewis Pettit (E)[31], John A Ferguson (F), James Rands (G), Willaim B Parks (H), George M Porter (H), Mills Redfield (H) and John Weigle (I).

[1] This individual casualty report is derived from the Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, Wisconsin Monument Commission Report and the 1865 Adjutant General’s Report. The pertinent pages of each are; Roster (Vol 2) pp. 1-48, Adjutant Report pp. 273-281 and Commission Report pp. 45-7. Some Company G information found on, accessed March 6, 2001. Some Company K information found on, accessed August 20, 2004. This Ozaukee website was a reprint from The Port Washington Star, by Daniel E. McGinley, first printed July 11, 1896.
[2] Killed and died of wounds list taken from commission report and checked against the roster and adjutant’s report.
[3] Commission says died of wounds. Adjutant and roster say died of disease.
[4] Died while a prisoner. Not clear if he died of wounds or disease.
[5] Adjutant says died of disease. Roster and commission says died of wounds.
[6] Headstone in Shiloh cemetery says Joseph C. Quinn.
[7] Adjutant says died of disease. Roster and commission says died of wounds.
[8] Member of color guard.
[9] Wounded and captured. Died of wounds while a prisoner.
[10] Member of color guard.
[11] Member of color guard.
[12] Member of color guard.
[13] Member of color guard.
[14] Member of color guard.
[15] Adjutant and commission say killed in action. Roster says given disability discharge on October 29, 1862. Website,, says killed. Is buried in the Shiloh cemetery so while that only confirms that he died it does not confirm that he was killed in the battle. It is possible that shortly after his discharge he died and was then buried in the Shiloh cemetery.
[16] Wounded list taken from roster. No mention of wounded made in adjutant’s report or in commission report.
[17] Also listed as captured.
[18] Also listed as captured.
[19] Ozaukee newspaper says mortally wounded.
[20] Ozaukee newspaper says mortally wounded.
[21] Ozaukee newspaper says corporal.
[22] Colonel Allen is only one to mention Williams' wounding. The Roster only says that he was enlisted, commissioned and resigned. Letter from Colonel Allen to August Gaylord, dated May 6, 1862.
[23] Ozaukee newspaper says wounded.
[24] Ozaukee newspaper says wounded.
[25] Ozaukee newspaper says wounded.
[26] Prisoner list taken from roster. No mention of prisoners made in adjutant’s report or in commission report.
[27] Also listed as wounded.
[28] Also listed as wounded.
[29] Died while a prisoner
[30] Missing list taken from commission report and checked against roster. No mention of missing made in adjutant’s report. Letter from Colonel Allen to August Gaylord, dated May 6, 1862. Allen writes, "Of the missing, some have been heard from by other regiments saying that they had buried some of them. They knew them by the number on their caps and buttons on their coats."
[31] Louis Pettis of company D is listed as missing in the roster. There is no Pettit or Pettis in company E.

Monday, August 16, 2010

14th Wisconsin Infantry

14th Wisconsin Infantry[1]
Killed or Died of Wounds:[2]
Corporal Joseph King (A), Sergeant Charles Drake (B), John Eastwood (B), Thomas Morgan (B), First Lieutenant Joseph D. Post (B), Corporal Gottlieb Staubley (B)[3], Ezra Whittaker, (B)[4], James Alley (C), Nelson P Hammond (C)[5], John B. Glenn (D), John Owens (D), Ezra B. Austin (E), William Baruth (E)[6], Captain Geo. E. Waldo (E), John D. Putnam (F), Lucius Barker (G), Samuel Bump (G), John Moser (G), Ebenezer Newton (G), Daniel D. Hammon (H)[7], Henry Peeler (H), Charles G. Bacon (I), Corporal Frederick A. Cullen (I)[8], Harvey E. Frost (I), Corporal Waterman R. Lisherness (I), Thomas Rayson (I), John J. Rockwood (I), Henry Ross (I), Gottlieb Schlinsog (I), John Begood (K)[9], Charles A. Briar (K) and Corporal Horace D. Lyman (K).

Eddy F Ferris (A)[11], Henry W Durand (A)[12], Alexander Clendenning (A), Edward G Mascroft (A), Horace H Seymour (A)[13], Adam Shidell (A)[14], James B Titus (A), John H Barker (B), Wilson E Higgins (B), John Mack (B)[15], Ezra Whittaker (B)[16], James R Bishop (C), Charles Davies (C)[17], Corporal William Ditty (C)[18], Alonzo E Miller (C)[19], Captain Absalom M Smith (C), Erastus Statler (C), James Statler (C), Solomon Statler (C), George E Stuntz (C), James E Williamson (C), Louis Amiot (D), Alfred Collins (D), Corporal Isaac Gallagher (D)[20], Samuel Guertin (D)[21], Corporal James Harris (D), William Reed (D), William Barrette (E)[22], William Flinn (E), Samuel Gokie (E), Frank Grogan (E)[23], Robert Lee (E), John Lovell (E), Andrew C Tufts (E), Willet C Wheeler (E), Julius C Wintermeyer (E), William Boone (F)[24], Corporal Hudson J Cronk (F), James N Howard (F), John Lawrence (F)[25], John M Leroy (F), Gregory Milquit (F), Samuel Morrison (F)[26], First Sergeant Charles Vincent (F), Henry Westcott (F), Theodore Jorsch (G), John Keef (G), William Mangan (G), Henry Siegrist (G), David Carr (H), George B Clark (H), Peter Cottrill (H), Edward Gilman (H), Spencer A Hamblin (H)[27], Corporal Henry Voss (H), Andrew Winegarden (H), Henry Boss (I)[28], Nathan M Clapp (I), James Currens (I), Henry E Lincoln (I), Harrison Maxon (I), Stanley D Parker (I), George W Reeder (I), George Rutherford (I), William Sternitzky (I), Elisha Stockwell (I), George S Travis (I), Stephen B Wilson (I), Joshephen Wilson (I)[29], Frederick Yonkey (I), Second Lieutenant Martin W Hurlbut (K), Augustus W Curbey (K), Hiram Filkins (K), Anthony Kornale (K), Charles F Learcher (K) and Irvin Underwood (K)[30].

Joseph Garrow (F)[32], Frank Silver (F), and Amos Crippen (H).

[1] This individual casualty report is derived from the Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, Wisconsin Monument Commission Report and the 1865 Adjutant General’s Report. The pertinent pages of each are; Roster (Vol 1) pp. 770 - 803, Adjutant Report pp. 243-9 and Commission Report pp. 24-7.
[2] Killed and died of wounds list taken from commission report and checked against the roster and adjutant’s report.
[3] Listed as died of wounds in roster but not listed at all in commission report or adjutant’s report.
[4] Listed as wounded and died of disease in roster. Not listed at all in commission report or adjutant’s report. Listed as killed or died of wounds on marker at Shiloh.
[5] Listed as died of wounds in roster but not listed at all in commission report or adjutant’s report.
[6] Listed as died of wounds in roster but not listed at all in commission report or adjutant’s report.
[7] Hammon is listed as died of wounds in commission report and in adjutant’s report. In roster listed as died of disease.
[8] Listed as private in Wood's report. Headstone in Shiloh cemetery says corporal.
[9] Begood is listed as wounded at Vicksburg and dying of those wounds on June 8, 63 at Memphis in roster. Listed as died of wounds in commission report. Listed in adjutant’s report as died of wounds at Memphis on June 8, 62.
[10] Wounded list taken from roster. No mention of wounded made in adjutant’s report or in commission report.
[11] Listed as quarter master sergeant in Wood's report
[12] Listed as sergeant in Wood's report
[13] Listed as wounded in Col Wood's report but in Roster the only remark is that he was wounded on the Red River Expedition (774).
[14] Listed as wounded in Col Wood's report but in Roster the only remark is that he was wounded at Vicksburg (774).
[15] Listed as wounded in Col Wood's report but in Roster the only remark is that he was a corporal and a veteran reenlistment (776).
[16] Not listed as wounded in either of the 2 official reports filed by Col Wood
[17] Listed as Sergeant in Wood's report
[18] Listed as wounded in Col Wood's report but in Roster the only remark is that he was a veteran reenlistment and eventually became a sergeant (779). Also in Wood's report he is listed as a private not a corporal.
[19] Listed as corporal in Wood's report
[20] Listed as sergeant in Wood's report
[21] Listed as corporal in Wood's report
[22] Listed as wounded in Wood's report but does not even appear in Roster for company E.
[23] Listed as wounded in Wood's report but in Roster is listed as dieing of disease on April 25, 1862 at Pittsburg Landing.
[24] Listed as wounded in Wood's report. In the Roster the listing is for William Boon and it says that he deserted Nov 10, 1862 (787).
[25] Listed as sergeant in Wood's report
[26] Listed as wounded in Wood's report but the Roster says that he was killed in action at Corinth on Oct 3, 1862 (789).
[27] Listed as corporal in Wood's report
[28] Listed as wounded in Wood's report but there is no Henry Boss in the Company I roster. There was a Henry Ross of Company I who was wounded and dies of wounds. There also was a Henry Voss in company H that was killed at Shiloh. Not sure if Wood's report mentions Ross or Voss.
[29] Listed as wounded in Wood's report but does not even appear in Roster for company I.
[30] Listed as corporal in Wood's report
[31] Prisoner list taken from roster. No mention of prisoners made in adjutant’s report or in commission report.
[32] Listed as msissing in official report made by Col Wood

Friday, August 13, 2010

14th Missouri Infantry (aka 66th Illinois Infantry)

14th Missouri Infantry[1]

Daniel Lynch (A)[2], Periander Putnam (A)[3] and Henry B. Foster (C)[4].

Lewis M. Beach (A)[5].

W. W. Bengree (K) [6], William Brandon (K) [7], Thomas Farrell (K[8]), George H. Kyle (K) [9], Henry M. Monterey (K) [10], William Monterey (K[11]), Eli Montgomery (K) [12], and Thomas Morgan (K) [13]

[1] Accessed May 27, 2010. 14th Missouri Infantry was later re-designated 66th Illinois Infantry. Co. A & B from out of state. Co. D from Michigan. Co. G, H & K from Ohio. Co C & I from Illinois. Co F from Missouri and Illinois.
[2] Killed at Shiloh, Apr 6, 1862
[3] Died at St. Louis, Apr 8, 1862; wounds
[4] Killed Shiloh Apr 6, 1862
[5] Disch. Apr 30, 1862; wounds
[6] Deserted Apr 6, 1862
[7] Deserted Apr 6, 1862
[8] Deserted Apr 7, 1862
[9] Deserted Apr 7, 1862
[10] Deserted Apr 1862
[11] Deserted Apr 6, 1862
[12] Deserted Apr 6, 1862
[13] Deserted Apr 8, 1862

Thursday, August 12, 2010

Mississippi in the Civil War: The Home Front

Mississippi in the Civil War: The Home Front. By Timothy B. Smith.

In his latest book Timothy Smith tackles the Mississippi home front during the war. Although several Mississippi battles are mentioned they are only discussed as context for some other topic, this book is not intended to inform about every military engagement in the state during the war. Smith’s intent is to cover the entirety of the Mississippi home front, some aspects of which have never been covered in such depth before.

The first half of the book focuses on the more traditional aspects of Civil War history. Smith starts off with a great chapter on Mississippi’s secession convention and explains how they did much more work than simply removing Mississippi from the Union. The convention then spent much time putting their state on footing as a country, at the time it was not a foregone conclusion that enough states would leave the Union to form a new country. Then they worked to make their state part of the Confederacy. Along the way they took time out to declare the reason they had seceded, firmly stating that it was to protect slavery and not for any other reason.

The next four chapters cover the state’s political system, the military complex that was destroyed, the infrastructure and the economy. These are the more traditional ways of discussing the home front. Smith then follows those with five chapters are areas that have barely been covered in the past. There are chapters on the war’s impact on culture, how women dealt with the war, the experience of blacks transforming from slavery to freedom, the loyal white population and the disloyal white population.

I thoroughly enjoyed this book. Much of it was new to me as I knew little of the Mississippi home front. One of the things I enjoyed was reading about Governor Charles Clark. Clark was a division commander at Shiloh but leaves that army afterwards and I really hadn't come across much about him. So I was excited to read about his time as governor. He was elected in November 1863 so he only saw a time of disappointment. At one point he made the following speech:

"There may be those who delude themselves with visions of a reconstructed Union and a restored Constitution. If such there be, let them awake from their dreaming! Let the last of our young men die upon the field of battle, and when none are left to wield a blade or uphold a banner, then let our old men, our women and our children, like the remnant of the heroic Pascagoulas, when their braves were slain, join hands together, march into the sea and perish beneath its waters."

So although the war effort was clearly fading quickly in the state he was still trying to do his best to hold it together. I also had to look up Pascagoulas as I've never heard of them before. According to legend, the peace-loving tribe walked single file into the Singing River, now known as the Pascagoula River, because the local Biloxi tribe were planning to attack. Anola, a princess of the Biloxi tribe, was in love with Altama, Chief of the Pascagoula tribe. She was betrothed to a chieftain of her own tribe, but fled with Altama to his people. The spurned and enraged Biloxi chieftain led his Biloxi braves to war against Altama and the neighboring Pascagoula. The Pascagoula swore they would either save the young chieftain and his bride or perish with them. When thrown into battle the Pascagoula were out-numbered and faced with enslavement by the Biloxi tribe or death. With their women and children leading the way, the Pascagoula joined hands and began to chant a song of death as they walked into the river until the last voice was hushed by the dark, engulfing waters. Apparently the Singing River is known throughout the world for its mysterious music. The singing sounds like a swarm of bees in flight and is best heard in late evenings during late summer and autumn. Barely heard at first, the music seems to grow nearer and louder until it sounds as though it comes directly under foot.

Another section I especially enjoyed was the part about the secession convention. They did much more work than simply secede, they had to get Mississippi ready to be its own country (only South Carolina had also seceded at this point, though others quickly joined them). For awhile they really operated more as the legislature as they created various boards to oversee a variety of essential tasks that would hopefully help Mississippi achieve its independence. Once it was clear that there would be a Confederacy these boards would work with the new nation to achieve those goals. They also took the time to explain that the cause of their secession was slavery.

Smith also does a great job explaining the complicated nature of Unionism in the state. Although it was the second state to secede there was quite a bit on Unionism. Some opposed secession on all grounds. Some opposed it until the new Lincoln administration proved it would not compromise on slavery. Some opposed it on practical grounds because they could see that war and/or separation would mean decreased business on the Mississippi River and a wide variety of Mississippians depended on the river trade for their livelihood, from business men to large plantation owners situated along the banks of the river.

In discussing the book with Smith I was pleased to learn that he has recently submitted a manuscript on Corinth. I look forward to that book as not much has been written about Corinth previously. I'll surely review that book too when it comes out.

Wednesday, August 11, 2010

21st Missouri Infantry

21st Missouri Infantry[1]

Henry Rausch (A), Burrell Burton (B), John Pettibone (B), Samuel D. Simerl (B), Frederick Reisonburg (C), David P. Hendricks (D), Hugh Shirley (D), John Brown (E), Michel Conlen (E), Thomas W. Hayes (E), George Free (F), Gerrit J. Stegeman (F), Harlan Waddel (F), Columbus G. Dabney (G), Andrew J. Seals (G), Suster Burnes (H), Thomas Cotton (H), John Dell Jr. (H), George Johnston (H), Stephen Sage (H), Joseph R. Selby (H), and Robert B. Kennedy (I).

Sylvanus Decker (D), William Marcus (D), Aquilla Barnes (E), John J. White (E), Edgar Cronk (F), William Scott (F), Barney Freeman (F), John Watts (G), John L. Alexander (H), Adison Barnes (H), Henry Bertrum (H), Lewis W. Biff (H), Thos. B. Brown (H), and Sen. William Morris (I).

Osburn Cooley (A), Lucius Hoadley (B), John Alexandra (C), Moses W. Burke (D), Joshua B. Dale (D), James Faha (D), James Hobbs (D), Edward Keever (D), William H. Matlock (D), Rueben Mauck (D), John B. Sexton (D), John Tacket (D)[2], Michael Ward (D), James L. White (D), Robert L. Briggs (F), Christopher Benning (F), August Benning (F), John Comstock (F), James M. Lewis (H), George Wilson (H), Noah E. Lane (I), Benjamin McHenry (I), and Henry Rugh (I).

[1] Accessed March 30, 2002
[2] Died of disease 6 August 1862 at Macon, GA as POW.

Monday, August 9, 2010

25th Missouri Infantry

25th Missouri Infantry[1]

Colonel Everett Peabody (acting brigade commander), Major James E. Powell, First Lieutenant S.M. Penfield (?), Second Lieutenant John J. Bramble (?), Corporal Cyrus Munger (F), Lewis Sutter (A), Sergeant W.B. Gregory (A), Matthews Euler (B), J. Ruff (B), William Shannon (C), William Freeman (C), John Perry (C), J. Sprinkle (C), James McElroy (D), W.A. Vaught (D), Louis Roark (D), John Schultz (D), Murray Willard (D), George Chapman (E), H.A. Lockard (E), Solomon Tice (E), M. Randolph (E), Henry Griswold (F), William James (F), William D. Baker (F), Patrick Madden (G), James Wallace (G), George Daffin (H), D.W. Bender (H), E.W. Lenderson (I) and John Sears (K).

Captain F.C. Nickols (?), Captain C.A. Wade (?)[2], Captain George B. Hoge (?), Captain George K. Donnelly (?), Assistant Surgeon Bray (?), First Lieutenant Nat Shurleff (?), First Lieutenant O.P. Newberry (?), First Lieutenant W.H.P. Norris (?), Second Lieutenant Fritz Klinger (?), A.U. Boyd (A), Sergeant Samuel Gamble (A)[3], William Gerrold (A), John Hawkins (A), A. Harness (A), George Staub (A), J.T. Willis (A), P. Collmer (B), Philip Maag (B), Joseph Reiter (B), Sergeant Joseph Wiehl (B), Corporal Williams (B), Corporal Thomas Allen (C), H. Avery (C), Corporal George Case (C), Sergeant Charles Duval (C), George Mason (C), Sergeant Josiah W. Robinson (C), R.F. Winn (C), John Anderson (D), J.C. Cross (D), Sergeant Timothy Darby (D), John Duncan (D), Thomas Talbot (D), B.F. West (D), James Claywell (F), Corporal James Cornell (F), Corporal Peter Gillan (F), James Hawkins (F), James Lenor (F), Ralph Savage (F), Sergeant James Schofield (F), John Brennan (G), Hugh Conner (G), A. Andrews (H), Corporal Henry Blagg (H), William Broils (H), O. Vandenhoof (H), Henry Adams (I), Corporal Henry Carlisle (I), Isaac Goodbrake (I), W.T. Laswell (I), W.J. Splawn (I) and Corporal Daniel Stillians (K).

Surgeon John T. Berghoff, Chaplain L.R. Pace, Sergeant John Larimer (A), Robert Loung (A), John Owens (A)[4], William Unkerfer (A), Louis Banman (B), Jacob Usltschi (B), Charles Miller (B), George Weibert (B), William Atkins (C), Cyrus Barnes (C), Hugh Cassidy (C), Sergeant Clymo (C), M.M. Griffin (C), R. Kelly (C), F.M. Little (C), R. Millsap (C), J. Rouse (C), M. Rouse (C), Valentine Segler (C), William Turner (C), William H. Bowlin (D), Wilson Harrison (D), Joseph S. Mulkey (D), Isaac A. Parnell (D), John Weakly (D), P. Alembaugh (E), George Banker (E), William Hawkins (E), J. Pollock (E), Lafayette Baker (F), Michael Fon (F), William Greer Sr. (F), William Greer Jr. (F), William Kennedy (F),Marcus Levoor (F), Daniel Munson (F), George W. Rice (F), John Smith (F), Thomas B. Smith (F), William Beck (G), John Fitzgerald (G), Lawrence Gilchrist (G), A.J. Halleran (G), Robert Hammon (G), Jeremiah Kennedy (G), Daniel Shanby (G), Philip Bender (H), James Billings (H), Pryor Carroll (H), John A. Carter (H), J. Kelsay (H), James Maswell (H), Isaac Simms (H), Joseph Tracy (H), J.K. Waggoner (H), A. Whitton (H), Corporal John G. Black (I), George W. Poor (I), Captain G.H. Rumvaugh (K) and Sergeant Augustus Saltzman (K).

[1] Reports of Officers in Relation to a Recent Battle at Pittsburg Landing. Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint, 1977. Originally published as U.S. 37th Congress, 2nd session, 1861-1862. Senate. Executive Documents Printed by Order of the Senate of the United States for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress, 1861-62. 6 vols. Washington D.C., 1861. pp 162-3
[2] also prisoner
[3] also missing
[4] also wounded

Friday, August 6, 2010

23th Missouri Infantry

23th Missouri Infantry[1]

Colonel Jacob T. Tindall, Adam Crouse (A), James A. Scott (B), William Parr (B), Orderly Sergeant Richard S. Smith (B)[2], Corporal Owen C. Smith (B), Thomas R. Kirk (B), John Ames Swopes (C)[3], William R. Baker (D), Thomas Dallas (D), Pryor S. Evans (D), Lewis Hohn (D), Henry Holloway (D), James Allen (D)[4], George Coop (D)[5], James K. Allen (E), Riley Roberts (E), James W. Hayes (F), First Sergeant William Hooker (F), John McCanon (F)[6], Corporal James Parish (F), Sergeant James G. Follard (F)[7], Sergeant Robert Glidewell (G)[8], Francis Higgins (G), Ira G. Weaver (G), David C. Naylor (G), William H. Clark (G), Benjamin T. Grisby (H), Paris Hudson (H), Wagoner Thomas M. Blakely.

John Philips (A), Robert Britton (A), John R. Trusdale (A), Jacob T. Eaton (A),
Richard T. Smith (B), John Lomax (B), John Evis (B), Acy Arrowsmith (B), Richard T. Blue (B), Henry T. Benson (B), James Babb (B), Francis M. Kirk (B), Absalom Reynolds (B), Samuel E. Rooks (B), William T. Sprout (B), Calvin Slover (B), William T. Voris (B), Thomas W. Wisdom (B), Corporal Benjamin C. Eddy (B), Henry Huffman (B),
First Lieutenant John H Muron (C), Daniel W. McKennon (C), Cyrus Shertzer (C), Charles R. Stewart (C), Edward Cooper (C), Enos Ogden (C), Sergeant George Irvin Roberts (C), Captain W.P. Robinson (D), Joseph H. Restine (D), Samuel J. More (D), Daniel Grover (D), Henry Puffenborger (D), Harrison Hanley (E), William Heath (E), William Lowe (E), William J. Watkins (E), John Tushing Rupe (E), John W. Chapman (F), William Hawkins (F), Robert Glidwell (G), Abraham Garll (G), Felding Lewis (G), Sergeant William Henry Lewis (G), George Dungan (G), William B. Lyons (G), John M. Anderson (G), Thomas Crampton (G), Hiram R. Clark (G), John Dennis (G), William F. Hicks (G), Reuben McCollum (G), Mitchell Stufflebean (G), Francis Wishow (G), Andrew Hatfield (H), William R. Hendrix (H), Adam Bower (I), Marion O’Neil (I), Samuel B. King (I), John Miles (I), Franklin Dowd (I), Captain Richard H. Brown (H), Lenard S. Oster (H), Francis Lewis (H), John W.W. Smart (H), Richard Harding (H), Peter T. Fields (H), William Golber (H), John Philips (H), Joseph Webber (H), and John W. Anderson (K).

Major John McCollough, Milton H. Buchanan (F or A), Samuel Henry Hedrix (C or K), John Becket Hooker (F or C), John Shannon Crouse (A), Lieutenant Renzin A. Debolt (A), Orderly Sergeant Thomas W. McCallister (A), James T. Davis (B), Corporal Joseph Ketcham Dillon (B)[10], John J. Fitzgerald (B), Hiram Morris (B), William S. Baker (C), James Baldwin (C), Marcus Omar Trussell (C), Corporal Reuban Dale (D), Henry Marsh (D), Sergeant Samuel J. Moore (D), Allen M.C.D. Morgan (D), Andrew Jackson Stinson (D), Thomas Brown (E), William E. Burris Jr. (E), George W. Chapman (E), Lewis Cummins (E), Charles Franklin Daniel (E), John Gideon Daniel (E), Thomas Jackson (E), William Alfred Daniel (E), R. Gray (E), Second Lieutenant John J. Harper (E), C. Howry (E), William Lear (E), Sergeant John A. Martin (E), Jacob E. Miller (E), Mathew Millspaw (E), Thomas Murphy (E), J. Noah (E), J. Parkerson (E), F.M. Rice (E), James VanMeter (E), Wesley V. Vincent (E), Washington Watson (E), Garret N. Anderson (F), John G. Anderson (F), Thomas Auberry (F), First Lieutenant Thomas E. Brauner (F), William Brown (F), William Buchanan (F), Corporal Grandison W. Burt (F), Second Lieutenant Judson N. Camp (F), Isaac Cassity (F), Andrew J. Cotter (F), Sidney Cotter (F), William Ellison Cotter (F), William M. Cotter Jr. (F), Daniel S. Couch (F), Richard W. Crump (F)[11], George Davis (F), Corporal James Washington Gooch (F), Jasper Hoskins (F), Enos H. Hurlbut (F), B.M. Maxey (F), Charles McKay (F), William H. Moore (F), William Ogle (F), William H. Parkey (F), Henry C. Peery (F), James W. Peery (F), Wharton B. Philbert (F), John Phillips (F), Lewis Phillips (F), William F. Reynolds (F), Abraham Ross (F), Hiram A. Sisson (F), William Smith (F), David C. Stone (F), James C. Thompson (F), W Vanbiber (F), John Welch (F), Isaac Welker (F), Martin B. Wright (F), Christopher Asbury Tabler (G), Sergeant Charles Brown (H), John Henry Hoover (H), Jonathon W. Mullen (H), Griffe Vandike (H), Corporal James S. Modrell (I), Abraham F. Walker (I), Joseph H. Washburn (I), F. Albright (K), William Baker (K), Bennett Brock (K)[12], Captain Richard H. Brown (K), Lawson R. Lane (K), John W. Mullins (K) and Jeremiah Murry (K).

[1] Reports of Officers in Relation to a Recent Battle at Pittsburg Landing. Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint, 1977. Originally published as U.S. 37th Congress, 2nd session, 1861-1862. Senate. Executive Documents Printed by Order of the Senate of the United States for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress, 1861-62. 6 vols. Washington D.C., 1861. pp 120-122. Additional information from (rosters page), last accessed March 7, 2002.
[2] Only listed as such on website
[3] Website also lists as died of wounds in Camp Oglethorpe, Macon GA
[4] Only listed as such on website
[5] Only listed as such on website
[6] Only listed as such on website
[7] Only listed as such on website
[8] Only listed as such on website
[9] All missing information is from website.
[10] Died Aug 22, 1862 at Camp Oglethorpe, Macon, GA
[11] Died July 25, 1862 at Macon, GA
[12] Also wounded.